There are different layouts on which hybrid cars are produced. The attributes possessed by different kinds of hybrid cars will be different. A hybrid car might not possess all the attributes in it. The different kinds of layouts include series, parallel, series-parallel and plug-in hybrids. A plug-in can be based on any of the other three layouts as well. You should know the characteristics so that it is possible to purchase the most appropriate hybrid car for your needs.
Series is the oldest layout implemented in hybrid cars. This kind of layout is used in diesel-electric locomotives as well as ships. The drive wheels are rotated by the electric motor directly. In order to deliver sufficient power, the size of the motor should be big. You should understand the fact that a series hybrid is not a pure electric vehicle. There should be a dedicated engine which will burn the fuel. The emissions are expelled in an efficient manner.
In order to produce the necessary power, the generator will produce the electricity. BMW i3 which was released in 2014 belongs to series hybrid version. In the current setup, you can go for parallel hybrids as they are the cheapest option. There will be blending of the output of the engine as well as the motor. Thus, additional boost will be generated through the electric motor and most of the thrust will be generated through the engine. Honda Civic Hybrid will utilize the formula as it will utilize the braking energy to recharge the battery.
When you go for series-parallel versions, these are hybrids which contain series as well as hybrid characteristics. The feeding of the engine and electric motor will take place in separate paths. There will be completely independent propulsion and it can be through the engine or the battery. When the parallel model is applied, the engine’s output will be enhanced or the battery will be charged through regenerative braking systems. The driving conditions are monitored by the computer and right mode for the battery will be decided.
Plug in hybrid cars cannot be conceived as a different kind of layout. It can be based on any other type of layout which was discussed earlier. Plug-in hybrids are also called as PHEVs. Chevrolet Volt was the first version which was released in 2010. The battery size of this unit will be very big. The drive range will be big. The battery can be plugged to an electrical outlet at parking location so that the battery will be recharged. The greatest advantage with the plug-in model is the ability to travel as much distance as possible on electricity without any issues.
The gasoline engine can be reserved for long drives. The overall fuel economy is enhanced to the extent of 100 MPGe. The other models which come with plug-in hybrid version include Ford Fusion Energi and Honda Accord. You can go for plug in hybrid cars if you would like to save the environment as you can minimize the carbon emissions.